Periodic tables are scientific tables that show how various natural elements relate to each other and how their chemical composition fits along with other elements.
First presented in 1869 by Dmitri Mendeleev, the periodic table arranged elements according to the element’s atomic weight, which revealed the basic blocks that makeup matter.
Before Dmitri presented the periodic table there existed only 63 known elements, which different scientists tried to arrange.
Since then there have been various periodic tables that have been created with the various arrangements all in a way of grouping the similar elements.
Today there are over 116 known elements which several scientists have attempted to rearrange.
These attempts have led scientist to come up with weird-looking shapes of charts that represent these elements differently.
We shall look at the most common periodic tables.
The Dmitri Mendeleev periodic table
Dmitri Mendeleev noted that physical and chemical element properties are related to their atomic mass a periodic way and he grouped them in such a way that elements with similar properties fell into vertical columns.
Using this kind of arrangement Dmitri Mendeleev, had gaps in his periodic table which he predicted rightly was for elements he had not discovered as yet, however, had correctly calculated their atomic mass and properties.
An example is when in 1875 the element gallium which he had predicted fit below aluminum was discovered
The commoners periodic table
This is the most popular, here elements are arranged according to electron configuration, atomic number, and chemical properties.
It should be noted that this is a periodic table has more elements than Dmitri Mendeleev’s original periodic table, in fact, this periodic table is an expanded version of Dmitri Mendeleev’s periodic table.
By looking closely at the two tables one can confirm that the two tables are similar with the difference being that Dmitri Mendeleev’s table has gaps that are filled by this new table.
This table further confirms the theories of Dmitri Mendeleev about the existence of more elements.
The periodic table that is like a tower
in 2006 Valery Timmerman designed a periodic table based on the electron configuration of the number of quantum. these numbers represent the movement and arrangement of elements in an atom.
This arrangement is based on an older table by Charles Janet, Valery Timmerman simply rearranges them basing on the distance of an electron from a nucleus of the atom.
The periodic table that looks like a spiral
Created by Theodor Benfey in 1964 this periodic table is more about beauty than functionality.
Like a spiral, the periodic table starts with hydrogen and spirals out with division across each spiral basing on atomic number.
The spirals are divided into transitional metals, lanthanides, actinides, and the undiscovered superactinides.
Although this table is a very different layout from the previous two tables, one can pretty much tell that the atomic number is the basis upon which it was designed.
Also, one can see that more elements haven’t been discovered yet, like the Dmitri Mendeleev’s periodic table this table has more gaps.
The periodic table that looks like a 3d flower
This periodic table looks like a flower with the elements laid out on petals, although there are no hydrogen and helium elements.
The first petal has on the front alkaline metals and at the back, it has alkaline earth metals on the back. the elements are grouped according to there qualities in terms of elements and these appear on the other colored sections.
This periodic table may take extra effort to understand and comprehend, however it is not as complicated as at first sight.
Once you understand the different element qualities then it becomes very easier to understand.
The ribbon of the rainbow.
Its is sometimes referred to as the curled ribbon and other times its called the rainbow ribbon.
This periodic table was designed in 1975 by James Franklin Hyde who naturally thought that silicon was the core of all elements.
The table starts with hydrogen and then like a rainbow spirals out into different groups with colors highlighting the periodic relationships of a different element.
These curves and lines just represent the intensity of the elements with other elements.
Life as we know it is not the reality of what you know, there are other realities.
Bowler, J. (2019). There’s More Than One Periodic Table. Here Are Some Designs You’ve Never Seen. [online] ScienceAlert. Available at: https://www.sciencealert.com/think-periodic-tables-all-look-the-same-think-again?utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=feed&utm_campaign=Feed%3A+sciencealert-latestnews+%28ScienceAlert-Latest%29 [Accessed 17 Jul. 2019].