Anger is a normal human emotion however uncontrolled anger, can lead to aggression which causes physiological problems and lead to harmful behavior.
It’s a known fact that a student can be seen as aggressive while they are still very young.
Usually reflected by the way a student relates with his fellows as a teen especially caused by their inability to freely express themselves.
It’s vital that a teacher equips his learners with skills so they can control their emotions as aggression over time becomes a student’s source of trouble in school, at home and with their friends and family.
A recent study found that one in seven students who had aggression problems were at a higher risk of:
- school failure
- adult unemployment
- physical violence
- mental illness
With that in mind, it is therefore crucial that teachers add anger management lessons or skills in their lesson plans as it helps students develop better ways to cope with angry feelings.
Teachers can use the following guidelines to help students learn how to manage their emotions
1. Put safety first.
When aggressive students are angry, they lash out in aggressive ways. Encouraging them to step away from the situation helps prevent further escalation of the situation and also allows them to calm down.
If possible the teacher should intervene gently but firmly to prevent the student from hurting others or break things.
2. Talk things through.
Teach the student to think through the events, as talking about such events usually relieves the learners of anger feelings. It’s also necessary that the teacher expresses empathy so the student feels heard and comforted.
The teacher may ask questions to help the student understand other people’s perspectives and use healthy communication or problem-solving. For example, ask, “What could you say to him?” “How is she likely to react if you do that?” “What can we do to prevent this from happening again?” or “What could you do to make things a little bit better right now?”
When a student’s anger is dealt with gentleness and compassion it makes it easier for the student to deal with strong feelings and think things through, while angry or punitive responses only aggravate the student’s stress when they’re already feeling overwhelmed.
3. Model appropriate expression.
Students learn more from what we do than from what we say. When teachers respond to their anger in aggressive ways, they not only trigger more anger in students, they also teach that yelling, hitting, or being mean are appropriate ways to behave when angry. Everyone feels angry sometimes, but as a teacher, you want to teach the students that it’s possible to feel angry and still treat others respectfully.
Overall, actual anger management requires that students learn to think about and manage the full process of emotion regulation, addressing the situation, their internal thoughts and reactions, and their external behavior and how that impacts other people or the situation.
These are the guidelines a teacher can use to indoctrinate irritation management in students, which other ways do you know or use to help learners manage their anger?